As another round of debt ceiling brinksmanship approaches on March 1, U.S. Senators Tim Kaine _D-Va.) and Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.) today introduced new legislation aimed at ending Congress’ using the debt ceiling as a political hostage.
The Protect our Citizens from Reckless Extortion of our Debt and Irresponsible Tactics (Protect our CREDIT) Act of 2019 would change how the debt ceiling is raised, enabling the executive branch to initiate a process to raise the debt ceiling subject to a congressional override.
The legislation would help prevent political brinksmanship like that of standoffs in 2011 and 2013, when some in Congress threatened to force the United States to default on its debt unless separate political demands were met. During the 2011 standoff, the United States came perilously close to a default, and the stock market took its largest plunge since the 2008 financial crisis. The rating agency Standard & Poor’s downgraded the U.S.’s credit rating for the first time in history.
The idea of having the President increase the debt ceiling, subject to a vote of congressional disapproval, was originally proposed by then-Minority Leader Mitch McConnell in 2012.
“Playing political games with the debt ceiling hurts our economy and our credit rating,” said Kaine. “The Protect our Credit Act shields Americans from the risk of default without giving the President unchecked power to raise the debt limit.”
“A debt default has the power to destroy our economy, and that’s exactly why we need to make sure it never happens,” said Merkley. “The use of the debt ceiling as a political hostage has led us closer to default than ever before. Continuing on the path we’re on now is all risk and no reward.”
What it would do
The Protect our CREDIT Act would reform the process of raising the debt ceiling by making the following changes:
- It would require the President to initiate a process, prior to the beginning of the fiscal year, to determine the amount of debt necessary for that year and propose a new debt limit based on the amount of spending authorized and appropriated by Congress.
- The debt ceiling would be raised to the proposed limit unless, within 15 legislative days, Congress passes and the President signs a joint resolution of disapproval.
- If, during the year, the federal debt gets within $250 billion of the limit, the President shall submit another written certification, explaining what drove the need for additional debt and proposing a new debt limit for the remainder of the fiscal year, subject to the same congressional disapproval process.